MPSC

Maharashtra Public Service Commission

The Examinations are held for the post of:

1)Deputy Collector Class I
2)Deputy Registrar (Co-operatives)
3)Assistant Secretary
4)Deputy Superintendent of Police/Assistant Commissioner of Police
5)Maharashtra Finance & Accounts Service-Class I & II
6)Tehsildar
7)Block Development Officer
8)District Inspector (Land Records)
9)Superintendent of Prohibition and Excise
10)Asst. Registrar (Cooperatives)
11)District Transport Officer REQUIREMENTS

1. Minimum Educational Qualification :
   Graduation in any discipline

2. Age Limit :
    GENERAL : 33 Years
    OBC : 35 Years
    SC / ST / NT: 38 Years

3. Number of attempts allowed:
    No limit

EXAMINATION PATTERN

Stages of Examination
The examination is held in three stages i.e. Prelims, Mains & Interview

(I)Prelims:
General Studies Marks: 200 Duration: 2 hours
Mode of answer-Objective type MCQ (Multiple Choice Questions)
Medium - Marathi / English
There is negative marking of 25% for wrong answers.
Paper - I General Studies, having following sections;
(i) Art 30 marks
(ii) Science and Technology 30 marks
(iii) Commerce & Economics 30 marks
(iv) Agriculture 30 marks
(v) Current Affairs - World, India & Maharashtra 30 marks

(II) Mains:
As per the notification dated 22nd November, 2011, the exam pattern for Mains has changed, which shall be effective from Mains 2012 Examination. Thus, there shall be six compulsory papers, as under;

Sr No Subject Marks Negative Marking Passing Type of Questions
1 Language (Marathi) 100 No General - 45% Reserved - 40% Descriptive
2 Language (English) 100 No General - 45% Reserved - 40% Descriptive
3 General Studies - I 150 Yes; 2:1 General 45% Reserved - 40% MCQ
4 General Studies - II 150 Yes; 2:1 General 45% Reserved - 40% MCQ
5 General Studies - III 150 Yes; 2:1 General 45% Reserved - 40% MCQ
6 General Studies - IV 150 Yes; 2:1 General 45% Reserved - 40% MCQ

GENERAL STUDIES - I

HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY Standard: Degree.
Total Marks : 150
Medium : Marathi and English
of Paper: Objective Type.
Duration: 2 Hours
Note:

  1. The Nature and standard of questions in the paper will be such that a well-educated person will be able to answer without any specialized study and its intention is to test candidate's general Awareness of a variety of subjects.
  2. It is expected from candidates to study the latest and recent developments and happenings pertaining to the topics/sub topics mentioned below.
1. HISTORY:
1.1 History of Modern India particularly Maharashtra:Introduction of modern education - Press, Railway, Post and Telegraph, Industries, Land reforms and Socio-religious reforms - Its impact on society.

1.2 Establishment of British Rule in India: Wars against major Indian powers, Policy of subsidiary alliance, Doctrine of Lapse, Structure of British Raj up to 1857.

1.3 Socio-Cultural Changes: Contacts with Christian Missions, coming of English education and the Press, Official-social reform measures (1828 to 1857). Socio religious reform movements: BrahmoSamaj, PrarthanaSamaj, SatyashodhakSamaj, AryaSamaj. Reform movements among the Sikhs and the Muslims, Depressed Classes Mission, Non-Brahmin movement and Justice Party.

1.4 Social and economic awakening: Indian Nationalism - 1857 revolt and after, Indian National Congress (1885 - 1947), Azad Hind Sena, Role of important personalities, Role of Press and Education in social awakening in pre- independent India.

1.5 Emergence and growth of Indian nationalism : Social background, formation of National Associations, Peasant uprisings, foundation of Indian National Congress, the moderate phase, growth of extremism, Morley- Minto reforms, Home Rule movement, Lucknow pact, Mont-Ford reforms.

1.6 National movement in Gandhi Era: Gandhiji's leadership and ideology of resistance, Gandhian mass movements, Non-cooperation, Civil Disobedience, individual Satyagraha, Quit India movement. SatyashodhakSamaj, Gandhiji and removal of untouchability, Dr.B.R.Ambedakar's approach to problem of untouchability, Muslim politics and Freedom movement (Sir Syed Ahmed Khan and Aligarh movement, Muslim League and Ali Brothers, Iqbal, Jinnah), Unionist Party and Krishak Praja Party, Politics of Hindu Mahasabha, Communists and the Indian freedom struggle, Congress Socialist Party, Women in the National movement, States' Peoples' movements, Leftist Movement - Peseant Movement - Tribal uprising, Trade Union Movement and Adivasi Movement.

GEOGRAPHY-WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO MAHARASHTRA:


2.1 Physical Geography: Interior of the earth- composition and physical conditions. Factors controlling landform development. Concept of geomorphic cycles- landforms associated with fluvial, arid, glacial, and coastal cycle. Evolution and Geomorphology of the Indian Subcontinent- Major physiographic regions - Problems of floods - Physiographic details of Maharashtra. Geomorphic features of Maharashtra. India's strategic location with reference to her neighbours, Indian Ocean Rim, Asia and the World.

2.2 Economic Geography of Maharashtra: Minerals and Energy Resources: Their distribution, importance and development in Maharashtra. Tourism in Maharashtra - Religious Tourism, Medicinal Tourism, Eco-Tourism and Cultural Heritage. Reserved forests, Animal sanctuaries, National Parks and Forts in Maharashtra, Tiger Project.

2.3 Human and Social Geography of Maharashtra: Migration of population, causes and effects, sugarcane cutting labourers - effects of migration on source and destination areas. Rural settlements in Maharashtra. Problems of Urban and Rural Settlements - Environmental, Housing, Slum, Water Supply and Sanitation, Urban Traffic and Pollution.

2.4 Climate and soils: Atmosphere- composition and structure. Solar radiation and heat balance. Weather elements- temperature, pressure, planetary and local winds, monsoon, air masses and fronts and cyclones. Mechanism of Indian monsoon, monsoon forecast, distribution of rainfall, cyclones, droughts and floods, and climatic regions. Distribution of Rainfall in Maharashtra - spatial and temporal variability - Agroclimatic zones of Maharashtra - Problem of Drought and scarcity, DPAP (Draught Prone Area Programme) -Water requirement in Agricultural, Industrial and Domestic Sectors. Problem of Drinking Water. Soils: problems of soil erosion and degradation in Maharashtra.

2.5 Environmental Geography: Ecology and Ecosystem- energy flow, material cycle, food chain and webs. Environmental degradation and conservation, global ecological imbalances- pollution and Greenhouse effect, role of CO2 and methane in greenhouse effect, global warming, reduction in biodiversity and depletion of forests. Environmental laws and environmental impact assessment. Kyoto protocol and Carbon credits. Urban waste management.CRZ I and CRZ II.

2.6 Population Geography (with reference to Maharashtra): Causes and consequences of migration. Rural and Urban settlements- site, situation, types, size, spacing and morphology. Urbanisation- process and problems. Rural - Urban Fringe, and sphere of urban influence. Regional imbalances.

INDIAN CONSTITUTION AND INDIAN POLITICS (WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO MAHARASHTRA) AND LAW:
Standard : Degree.
Total Marks : 150
Medium :Marathi and English
Nature of Paper : Objective Type.
Duration : 2 Hours
Note:

  1. The Nature and standard of questions in the paper will be such that a well educated person will be able to answer without any specialised study and its intention is to test candidate's general awareness of a variety of subjects.
  2. It is expected from candidates to study the latest and recent developments and happenings pertaining to the topics/sub topics mentioned below.

1. The Constitution of India: Making of the Constitution, Salient Features of the Constitution. Philosophy of the Preamble - (Secular democratic and socialist), Fundamental Rights and Duties - Directive Principles of State Policy, Free and Compulsory primary education, Uniform Civil Code, and Fundamental Duties. Centre - State relations and Formation of New States. Independent Judiciary. Amendment Procedure and Major Amendments to the Constitution: Landmark Judgments used for interpreting the Constitution. Structure and Functions of major Commissions and Boards: Election Commission, Union and State Public Service Commissions, National Women's Commission, Human Rights Commission, National Minorities S.C./S.T. Commission - River Water Dispute Settlements Board etc.

2. The Political System (Structure, Powers and Functions of Governments):Nature of Indian Federation-Union & State-Legislatures, Executive & Judiciary. Union-State Relationship- Administrative, Executive and Financial Relationships. Distribution of Legislative powers, Subjects.
  • The Central Government - The Union Executive: President- Vice-President - Prime Minister and Council of Ministers - Attorney General of India - Comptroller and Auditor General of India
  • The Union Legislature - Parliament, Speaker and Dy. Speaker - Parliamentary Committees- Parliament's Control over Executive.


3. Judiciary: Organisation of Judiciary - Integrated Judiciary - Functions - Role and Power of the Supreme Court and High Court-Subordinate Courts-Lokpal,Lokayukt and LokNyayalaya - Judiciary as a watch-dog protecting the Constitutional Order- Judicial Activism, Public Interest Litigation.

4. District Administration: Evolution of District Administration, Changing role of the District Collector: Law and Order, Relationship with functional Departments. District Administration and the Panchayati Raj Institutions.Role and Functions of the Sub-Divisional Officer.

5. Rural and Urban Local Government:Significance of 73rd and 74th Amendment to the constitution.

Empowerment of local government and their role in development.

  1. Rural Local Government, Composition, Powers and Functions of ZillaParishad, PanchayatSamiti and Gram Panchayat. Peculiarities of Panchayat Raj Institutions of Mahrashtra, Status Report of Panchayat Raj Institutions and its Performance Appraisal. Main features of 73rd Constitutional Amendments. Problems of implementation.Major rural developmentprogrammes and their management.
  2. Urban Local Government, Composition and Functions of Municipal Corporations, Municipal Councils and Cantonment Boards. Structure, Officials, Resources, Powers- Functions and Controls. Main features of 74th Constitutional Amendments: Problems of implementation. Major urban development programmes and their management.
6. Educational System : Directive Principles of State Policy and Education; Educational Problems of Disadvantaged Sections- Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Muslims and Women; Privatization of education - issues of access to education, merit, quality, and social justice; General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) and emerging issues, Challenges in Higher Education today. SarvaShikshaAbhiyan, MadhyamikShikshaAbhiyan.

7. Parties and Pressure Groups: Nature of Party system - Role of National Parties - Ideology, organisation and electoral performance - Political Parties and their Social Bases. Regionalism- Rise of Regional Parties; Ideology, Organisation and electoral performance - Major Pressure Groups and Interest Groups in Maharashtra - their Role and impact on Policy making. Programmes of Social Welfare in Maharashtra : Women and Children; Labour; and Youth. Non-Government Organizations and their Role in Social Welfare.

8. The Media: Print and Electronic Media - its impact on policy making, shaping of the public opinion and educating the people. Press Council of India. Code of conduct for Mass media in a secular democracy like India. The portrayal of women in the main stream mass media: Facts and Norms. Freedom of speech and expression, and limitation thereof.

9. The Electoral Process: Main features of Electoral process - single member territorial constituencies. Reserved constituencies for weaker sections - Adult Franchise - Role of Election Commission - General Elections - Major trends - Patterns of Voting behaviour - and Factors influencing the voting behaviour - Problems and difficulties in conducting Free and Fair Elections- Electoral Reforms.EVMs.

10. Administrative Law: Rule of law. Administrative Discretion and its control and Judicial Review.Administrative Tribunals, their establishment and functioning.Principles of Natural Justice.

11. Central and State Government Privileges: Section 123 of the Indian Evidence Act, Official Secrets Act, RTI and its impact on Official Secrets Act.

12. Some Pertinent Laws:
  1. (1) Environmental Protection Act, 1986: Object, Machinery and Measures provided therein.
  2. (2) The Consumer Protection Act, 1986: Definitions-Consumer Disputes-Redressal Machinery.
  3. (3) Freedom of Information Act, 2005: Rights of Applicants and duty of Public Authority.
  4. (4) Information Technology Act - 2000 (Cyber Law): Definitions - Authorities - offences.
  5. (5) The Prevention of Corruption Act.
  6. (6) Right to Information Act 2005

HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT (HRD) AND HUMAN RIGHTS:
Standard : Degree.
Total Marks :150
Medium :Marathi and English
Nature of Paper : Objective Type.
Duration : 2 Hours
Note:

  1. The Nature and standard of questions in the paper will be such that a well educated person will be able to answer without any specialised study and its intention is to test candidate's general awareness of a variety of subjects.
  2. It is expected from candidates to study the latest and recent developments and happenings pertaining to the topics/sub topics mentioned below.
1. HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT
1.1 Human Resource Development in India - Present status of population in India - quantitative aspect (size and growth - Sex, Age, Urban and Rural) and qualitative aspects (Education and Healthcare). Population policy and projection upto 2050.Importance and need of Human Resource planning in modern society. Components and factors involved in planning of Human Resources. Nature, types and problems of unemployment in India, Trends of Employment in India, Demand estimate of skilled manpower in different Sectors and Areas. Governmental and Voluntary Institution engaged in development of manpower e.g. NCERT, NIEPA, UGC, Open Universities, AICTE, NCTE, ITIs, NCVT, IMC, etc. Problems and issues related to HRD. Govt. employment policy, various schemes to reduce unemployment and underemployment.

1.2 Education: Education as a tool of HR development and social change. Education (Pre-primary to Higher Education) system in India.Problems and issues Universalisation of education, vocationalisation of education, Quality improvement, Dropout rate etc.)Education for Girls, Socially and Economically underprivileged classes, Handicapped, Minorities, Talent Search etc.Govt. policies, Schemes and programms for Education. Govt. and Voluntary Agencies involved in promoting, regulating and monitoring Formal, Non-formal and Adult education. e-Learning. Impact of globalisation and privatisation on Indian education. National Knowledge Commission, National Commission for Higher Education and Resaearch, IITs, IIMs, NITs.

1.3 Vocational Education: As a tool of HR development. Vocational/Technical Education- Present status, systems and training in India particularly in Maharashtra. Govt. policies, schemes and programs - Problems, issues and efforts to overcome them. Institutes involved in promoting, regulating, accrediting vocational and Technical Education.

1.4 Health: As an essential and major component of HRD, Vital Statistics, World Health Organisation (WHO) - objectives, structure, functions and its programmes. Govt. Health policies, schemes and programmes, Healthcare system in India. Problems and issues related to Healthcare and efforts to overcome them. Janani-BalSurakshaYojana.National Rural Health Mission.

1.5 Rural Development:Empowerment of panchayat Raj system. Village Panchayat and its role in Rural development, Land reforms and development, Role of cooperative institutes in Rural Development, Financial Institutes involved in Rural Development, Rural Employment Schemes, Rural Water Supply and Sanitation programs. Infrastructure development e.g. Energy, Transportation, Housing and communication in rural area. National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGS).

2. HUMAN RIGHTS:

2.1 Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR 1948)- International human rights standards, its reflections in Indian constitution, mechanism to enforce and protect Human Rights in India. Human Rights Movement in India. Problems related to human rights deprivations such as poverty, illiteracy, unemployment, social-cultural-religious practices, violence, corruption, terrorism, exploitation of labour, custodial crimes etc. Need, for training in and practising of human rights and human dignity in a democratic set up. Globalisation and its impact on different sections of Indian Society. Human Development Index, Infant Mortality Ratio, Sex Ratio.

2.2 Child Development:problems and issues (Infant mortality, Malnutrition, Child labour, Children education etc.) - Government Policies, welfare schemes and programs - Role of international agencies, Voluntary Organisations Community resources. People participation in their Welfare.

2.3 Women Development - problems and issues (Gender inequality, Violence against women, Girl child Infanticide/Foeticide, Empowerment of Women etc.)- Government Policy, schemes and programs for development / welfare and empowerment - Role of international agencies, Voluntary Organisations and Community resources. People's participation in their development.AASHA.

2.4 Youth Development: problems and issues (Unemployment, unrest, drug addiction etc.) - Government Policy - development schemes and programs - Role of international agencies, Voluntary Organisations and Community resources. People's participation in their development.

2.5 Tribal Development: problems and issues (Malnutrition, isolation, integration and development etc.) - Tribal movement - Government Policy, welfare schemes and programs- Role of international agencies, Voluntary Organisations and Community resources. People's participation in their Welfare.

2.6 Development for Socially deprived classes (SC, ST, DT/NT, OBC etc. ) - problems and issues (inequality in opportunity etc.) - Government Policy, welfare schemes and development programs - Role of international agencies, Voluntary Organisations and Resource mobilsation and Community participation.

2.7 Welfare for aged People:problems and issues - Government Policy - welfare schemes and programs - Role of international agencies, Voluntary Organisations and Community participation for their development. Utilisation of their services in developmental activities.

2.8 Labour Welfare:problems and issues (working conditions, wages, health and problems related to organised and unorganised sectors) - Government Policy, welfare schemes and programs - Role of international agencies, community and Voluntary Organisations.

2.9 Welfare of disabled persons: problems and issues (inequality in educational and employment opportunity etc.) - Government Policy, welfare schemes and programs - Role of international agencies, Voluntary Organisations in employment and rehabilitation.

2.10 People's Rehabilitations:(People affected by Development projects and Natural Calamities.) - Strategy and programs - Legal Provisions - Consideration of different aspects like economic, cultural, social, psychological etc.

ECONOMY AND PLANNING, ECONOMICS OF DEVELOPMENT,SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT

Standard : Degree.
Total Marks : 150
Medium : Marathi and English
Nature of Paper : Objective Type.
Duration : 2 Hours

Note:

  1. The Nature and standard of questions in the paper will be such that a well educated person will be able to answer without any specialised study and its intention is to test candidate's general awareness of a variety of subjects.
  2. It is expected from candidates to study the latest and recent developments and happenings pertaining to the topics/sub topics mentioned below.
1. ECONOMY AND PLANNING
1.1 Indian Economy:Challenges in Indian Economy - Poverty, Unemployment and Regional Imbalances. Planning: Process - Types - Review of India's First to Tenth Five year Plans.Evaluation.Social and Economic Indicators of Development. State and Local Level Planning. Decentralisation - 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments.

1.2 Urban and Rural Infrastructure Development:Need and Significance. Growth and Development of Social and economic infrastructure such as Energy, Water supply and sanitation, Housing, Transport (Road, Ports etc.), Communications (Post and Telegraphs, Telecommunication), Network of Radio, TV, Internet. Crises, problems related to Infrastructure in India. Policy alternatives- Public-Private Sector Partnership (PPP).FDI and Infrastructure Development- Privatisation of infrastructure development. Centre and State Government Policies for Infrastructure Development. Transport and Housing (Urban and Rural). Problems - Centre and State Government initiatives and programmes. BOLT and BOT schemes.

1.3 Industry:Need - importance and role of industries in economic and social development, Growth Pattern, Structure of Large-scale Industries in India with special reference to Maharashtra. Small-scale, Cottage and Village industries, their problems and prospects. Impact of liberalisation, privatisation and globalisation on SSIs. Maharashtra's Policy, measures and programmes for development, promotion and monitoring of SSIs. Export Potential of Small scale and cottage industries. SEZs, SPVs.

1.4 Co-operation:Concept, Meaning, Objectives, Old and new principles of co-operation. Growth and diversification of co-operative movement in India. Co-operative institution in Maharashtra - types, role, importance and diversification. State policy and Co-operative sector - Legislation, Supervision, Audit and Aid. Problems of Co-operatives in Maharashtra. Prospects of Cooperatives in the era of global competition. Review, reforms and prospects of cooperative movement in Maharashtra - Alternative policy initiatives in agricultural marketing- Employment Guarantee Scheme.

1.5 Economic reforms:Background, Liberalisation, Privatisation and Globalisation - (concept, meaning, scope and limitations). Economic Reforms at Centre and State Level. WTO Regime - Provisions and its implications and impact on Indian Economy, issues and problems.

1.6 International Trade and International Capital Movements: Trends in era of globalisation. Growth, Composition and Direction of India's Foreign Trade.Foreign trade policy of India - Export Promotion.WTO and International Trade. Foreign Capital Inflows -Composition and Growth - FDI. e-Commerce. Role of Multinationals - International Financing Agencies - (IMF, World Bank and IDA).International Credit Ratings.

2. ECONOMICS OF DEVELOPMENT

2.1 Macro Economics:Methods of national income accounting. Functions of money - base money- high-power money - quantity theory of money - money multiplier. Monetary and nonmonetary theories of inflation - control of inflation: monetary, fiscal and direct measures.

2.2 Public Finance and Financial Institutions:Role of public finance in market economy - Criteria for public investment. Merit goods and public goods- sources of revenue and expenditure (Centre and State) -forms of taxes and subsidies and their incidence and effects.- tax, non-tax and public debt of Centre and States in India. Public Expenditure (Centre and States) - Growth and causes. Public Expenditure Reform - Performance Based Budgeting and Zero Based Budgeting. Zero-base budgeting - types of budget deficits - internal and external borrowings. Review of Tax Reforms at national and State level. VAT. Public debt - Growth, Composition and Burden. Problem of States' Indebtedness to Centre. Fiscal Deficits - Concepts, Control of Deficits - Centre, State and RBI Initiatives. Fiscal Reforms in India -Review at Centre and State Level. Financial sector reforms - new trends in banking - real and nominal interest rates - repo and reverse repo transactions.

2.3 Growth, Development and International Economics:

  1. Indicators of development- sustainable development- development and environment -Green GDP.
  2. Factors of economic development: natural resource, population, human capital, infrastructure - theory of demographic transition- Human development index - human poverty index - gender empowerment measure
  3. Role of foreign capital and technology in growth - multi-national corporations.
  4. International trade as an engine of growth - theories of international trade.
  5. IMF-IBRD-WTO - Regional Trade Agreements - SAARC - ASEAN.
Indian Agriculture, Rural Development and Cooperation:
  1. Role of agriculture in economic development - interrelationship between agriculture, industry and services sectors - contract farming - precision farming - corporate farming - organic farming.
  2. Size of land holding and productivity - Green Revolution and technological change -agricultural prices and terms of trade- farm subsidies - Public Distribution System - food security.
  3. Regional disparities in agricultural growth in India-agri-business and global marketing - agricultural credit in India.
  4. Sources of irrigation and water management - live-stock resource and their productivity -White Revolution, fisheries, poultry, forestry, horticulture and floriculture development in India and Maharashtra
  5. Strategies of rural development during the plan period-rural infrastructure (social and economic)
    W.T.O. and agriculture - Farmer's and Breeder's Rights - biodiversity - GM technology.
Indian Industry, Infrastructure and Services Sector:
  1. Trends, composition and growth of industries, infrastructure and services sector in India -role of public,private and cooperative sectors in India - small and cottage industries. BPO.
  2. Liberalisation and its effects on Indian industries - industrial sickness.

3. SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENTS

3.1 Energy: and non-conventional energy sources - Potential of Solar, Wind, Biogas, Biomass, Geothermal and other renewable energy sources. Introduction to solar gadgets viz solar cooker, water heater etc. Biogas- principle, and process. Problems of Energy Crises, Govt. Policies and programs for power generation.Nuclear Power Program, Thermal Power Program, Hydroelectric Power program, Power distribution and National Grid. Agencies and Institutions engaged in Energy security, Research and development.

3.2 Computer and Information Technology:Role of computer in modern society, its applications in various spheres of life such as data communication, networking and web technologies, Cyber crime and its prevention. Use of I.T. in various services, Govt. programs such as Media Lab Asia, VidyaVahini, GyanVahini, Community Information Centre etc. Major issues in IT industry - its prospects.

3.3 Space Technology:Indian space programmes, Indian Artificial satellites for telecommunication, television, education, broadcasting, weather forecasting, GPS, disaster warning. Indian missile program etc., Remote sensing, GIS and its application in weather forecasting, Disaster warning, water, soil, mineral resources development, agriculture and fisheries development, urban planning, ecological studies, GS and GIS.

3.4 Biotechnology:Its potential to improve human life and national economy through agricultural, industrial development and employment generation. Biotechnology as an essential and important tool of natural resource development. Areas of application - Agriculture, Animal breeding and Veterinary health-care, Pharmaceutics, Human healthcare, Food technology, energy generation, environment protection etc. Role and efforts of government in promoting, regulating and developing biotechnology in country. Ethical, Social, Legal issues related to biotechnological development, possible adverse effects of biotechnological development.

3.5 Nuclear Policy of India:Salient features. Nuclear Power as source of energy and its significance as clean energy. Problems of nuclear waste. Nuclear thermal power generation in India, its contribution to total power generation. Determinants of Nuclear Tests: Pokhran-I (1974) and Pokhran II (1998). Recent Trends in NuclearPolicy such as NPT (Nuclear Non- Proliferation Treaty) and CTBT (Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty).INDOUS Nuclear Treaty of 2009.

3.6 Disaster Management:Definition, nature, types and classification of disasters, Natural Hazards: Causative factors and mitigation measures. Floods, earthquakes, tsunamis, landslides, etc., Factors affecting mitigation measures- Case studies of major earthquakes and tsunamis such as Killari (1993), Bhuj (2001), Sikkim-Nepal (2011) earthquakes, Banda Ache (2004) (Sumatra), Fukushima (2011) (Japan) earthquakes and Tsunami. Maharashtra: Mumbai floods of 2005. December 1993, June 2006, November 2009, July 2011 bomb blasts and terrorist attacks, their impact. (III)Interview:
Those who are selected in the Mains Written examination will be eligible to appear for the Interview.

INTERVIEW SHALL BE FOR 100 MARKS